Assess the importance of the accounts of the Chinese and Arab travelers in the reconstruction of the history of India.
Accounts of foreign travelers helped fill the gaps in the reconstruction of Indian Ancient and Medieval History due to their detailed records which the locals ignored.
- Al Baruni
- Visited India along with Mahmud Gazni
- He studied Sanskrit to understand Vedas and other Sanskrit texts
- Documented the Hindu culture extensively
- Shared his experience in his book Kitab al hind
- Visited India during Mahmud Bin Tuglaq of Delhi Sultanate
- Worked as Chief Qazi
- Traveled across India and mentioned about Pallavas as well
- Explained about courier system prevalent in India
- Shared his experience in his book Rihala
- Abdur Razak
- Visited Vijayanagara during Devaraya 2 of Sangama dynasty
- His accounts include trade relations, the richness of Vijayanagara and city of Hampi
- Fa Hien
- Visited India during Chandragupta-2 of Gupta Empire - 5th century AD
- Talked about economic prosperity and untouchables called Chandalas
- Mentioned about Shaiva and Vaishnav religion.
- Hiuen Tsang
- Visited India during Harshavardhana of Vardhana Dynasty - 7th century AD
- Visited Buddhist pilgrim sites and studied in Nalanda and documented education system in India
- Confirmed Harsha's defeat against Pulakeshin
- Shared his experience in his book Si-u-kyi
- A Chinese student of Nalanda
- Translated hundreds of Sanskrit text in Chinese
- Documented Buddhism of India and functioning of Nalanda
Thus, the accounts of foreign travelers helped historians find the actual socio-economic and political conditions of ancient and medieval India.