Regional synthesis as 'disruptive of the earth's unity' ➗ and also 'Integrated' ✊✊??
One of the allegations against the regional approach was that while focusing on the 1specifics, the 2particulars, the 3uniqueness of the phenomenon, and the 4uniqueness of the place, the Regional Geography was 'Disruptive of the earth's unity' ➗. On the other hand in its 1 topical integration, the 2 systematic approaches with its 3generalizations and laws, it was more 'Integrated' ✊ .
Regional approach as a 'better paradigm/approach in unification' ✊✊
These allegations against the regional approach were disputed. The regional approach is a 'better paradigm/approach in unification' ✊✊ became the theme of regional synthesis.
Ferdinand Richthofen and organic unity of nature
It was Ferdinand Richthofen who was a Chorologist who tried to revive geography in the regional paradigm but he is not considered as a radical Chorologist because Richthofen's ambition was to revise geography in the concept of organic unity of nature much in the line of humboldt and Ritter's tradition. He too believe in the concept of Zusammen Hang hanging together.
He believed that the purpose of geography as regional geography has to be descriptive but the description cannot be the end purpose. The geographers must go beyond and seek regularities and similarities and establish the causal interrelationship within diverse elements that make up the region.
So, geography as a science of different kinds of things that exist together and are bound together by causal connection. This interconnectedness according Richthofen as a focus of study is possible only in regional approach of geography. Hence the concept of regional synthesis. This idea of Richthofen influenced all regional and Chorological geographers thereafter.
Hettner for example is a radical chorologist and he criticized the geography as a science of earth's surface. Hettner nevertheless believed in the Causal interdependence Zusammen Hang and more importantly believed in dichotomy of human versus physical geography as irrelevant and wrong.
Ratzel, Vidal, and Hartshorn
Ratzel in his concept of Environmental Determinism, Vidal in his concept of Cultural regions (Payz) and Hartshorn in aerial differentiation all believed in integration and causal relationship to link man 👨 and environment in the regional perspective.
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